Gwangju National Museum
Asian Pottery Culture Research
Publication of Reports
Gwangju National Museum
역사와 문화가 살아숨쉬는 국립광주박물관
2014-09-02 ~ 2015-01-18
This is a thematic exhibition that was planned, using the results of the research on the items from the Archaeological Site in Sinchang-dong in Gwangju that were excavated by the Gwangju National Museum.
The Archaeological Site in Sinchang-dong is a place that retains the appearance of a farming community from 2,000 years ago. Of particular note, a pair of tongs that were excavated from the site demonstrate the level of the local woodcraft technology at the time. What is even more interesting is that the traditional techniques applied to make the tongs have been passed down to this day.
2014-07-08 ~ 2014-09-28
The Gwangju National Museum hosts an exhibition focusing on a specific region of Jeollanam-do Province each year for the purpose of researching and preserving the regional cultural heritage under the title, ？Namdo Culture Exhibition？. Held for the fifth time this year, ？Namdo Culture Exhibition V？ focused on Goheung-gun.
Goheung-gun, where there is a coexistence of splendid nature and advanced technology, has long history and traditions dating all the way back to the Prehistoric Period. This special exhibition organized and introduced the history and culture unique to Goheung-gun from the Prehistoric Period to the contemporary times.
The exhibits were arranged to introduce the liberal arts and geographic features of Goheung, situated in the southernmost region of the Korean territory and the southeastern area of Jeollanam-do Province, near the entrance. It was then followed by exhibits on the local history and culture that were chronologically arranged.
First, the prehistoric culture of Goheung-gun was summarized using some 2,000 dolmens located in the county, while the formation of Mahan and the development of the ancient culture were introduced centering on the Andong Tumulus in Gildu-ri, Podu-myeon, from which a gilt-bronze crown was excavated.
This was followed by exhibits that show the process of thwarting the Japanese invasion at the end of the Goryeo Dynasty and the beginning of the Joseon Dynasty through the countless stone fortresses that were built at the time as well as the findings of the excavation survey on a kiln site in Undae-ri, Duwon-myeon that was carried out by the Gwangju National Museum, thereby shedding light on the ceramics culture unique to the region. In addition, the modern and contemporary history of Goheung-gun was demonstrated through Sorokdo Island, which was chosen as the quarantine detention area for Hansen’s disease patients by the Japanese Government-General of Korea in the 1920s during the Japanese occupation period.
Exhibition with artifacts donated by Im Byeong-seon and In Gwang-deok of Jangheung Im family clan, “Gyuam Im Jang-won and the Spirit of Confucian Scholars”
2014-04-15 ~ 2014-06-15
The Gwangju National Museum has been hosting exhibitions featuring donated artifacts in order to honor the wishes of those who have donated cultural assets and to promote the historical value of the donated items. This exhibition consisted of 146 items donated by Im Byeong-seon over the years in 2007, 2008 and 2014 and 33 items donated by Im Gwang-deok in 2014. Of the donated artifacts, the ones shedding light on the life of Gyuan Im Jang-won (1734~1804) of the 20th generation of Jangheung Im family clan and the spirit of Confucian scholars.
Gyuam Im Jang-won, born in Boseong, Jeolla-do Province, passed the state civil service examination and was assigned the government posts of Dongbuseungji (Jeong 3-pum post at Seungjeongwon, or the oyal Secretariat) and Dohobusa (Jong 3-pum, the highest post at Dohobu of a local administrative region). Thus, he became one of few figures from the Jeollanam-do region to reach the status of Dangsanggwan (a government official with at least a Jeong 3-pum status) in the late Joseon Dynasty. He was under fire for submitting Maneonso, an appeal objecting a policy proposed by King Jeongjo (reigned from 1776~1800), but Jeongjo actually trusted him and thought highly of his integrity and upright character.
2014-03-04 ~ 2014-06-30
This is a thematic exhibition that was organized by the Gwangju National Museum, based on the findings of a study on the items excavated from the Archaeological Site in Sinchang-dong in Gwangju.
The Archaeological Site in Sinchang-dong is a place that retains the appearance of a farming community from 2,000 years ago. The tube-shaped lacquerwares excavated from this area well-demonstrate the otchil (lacquer) culture and woodwork techniques back in the day.
2013-12-17 ~ 2014-07-13
This is a special exhibition that showcased 150 artifacts discovered on the seabed off the coast of Sinan.
In 1975, Chinese pottery was found off the coast of Bangchuk-ri, Jeungdo-myeon, Sinan-gun, Jeollana-do Province, which prompted an underwater excavation survey that took place eleven times from 1976 until 1984. In the process, around 720 fragments of the sunken ship, some 22,000 Chinese pottery wares and crafts made of various materials, 28 tons of Chinese coins, around 1,000 red wood pieces, 7 Goryeo celadon wares, Japanese ceramics, and other daily tools and packaging materials used on board were uncovered.
These were the traces of a ship that had sunk while carrying trade goods such as pottery and coins to Japan during the Yuan dynasty.
There remained records based on which the time period and port of departure and the destination could be inferred, and thus it was possible to obtain detailed information on the ship.
The discovered artifacts drew a great deal of attention and became a major research topic at home and abroad, as they were historical materials that could reveal information about the size and situation of East Asia trade at the time. In 2012, a special exhibition titled
was held to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between Korea and China, and 209 artifacts discovered from the seabed of Sinan were displayed.
2013-11-12 ~ 2014-02-02
This is the second special exhibition centering on the Four Gracious Plants (plum, orchid, chrysanthemum and bamboo), following “The Plum Blossoms Flowering in Paintings: Tammae (2009).” The exhibition was organized with the aim of giving a new interpretation of the formativeness and symbolism of the traditional themes applied to teach novice painters how to use the brush and ink, which may seem hackneyed at times, from the contemporary perspective.
“The Bamboo of Traditional Art,” which was the first part of the exhibition, consisted of five sub-themes: a place with bamboos, bamboos inside the heart, how to draw bamboos, the wind and bamboos, and bamboos and pottery. The reason mukjukdo (bamboo painting in ink) was widely painted back in the day was that writers, who were considered political elites and intellectuals, projected the ideal characteristics of a man of virtue to the bamboo.
“The Bamboo in Contemporary Art,” which was the second part of the exhibition, presented artworks by thirty-three artists specializing in Korean painting, Western painting, photography, printmaking, installation art, and media art.
At “The Wind Blowing in the Bamboo Forest,” which was the third part, artworks by Kim Gyu-jin, who made a name for himself as the master of bamboo paintings in ink between the late 19th century and the early 20th century, and Goam Lee Ung-no, who learned calligraphy and how to paint the Four Gracious Plants from Kim and added contemporary formativeness to the art form, were on display, and these demonstrated the tradition and transformation of bamboo paintings. Also on display were the paintings of bamboos and bamboo forests by Lee Ung-no, who had consistently painted bamboos even while making new attempts with abstract letter paintings and paintings of crowds of people.
This special exhibition provided insight into the way relationships developed between nature and man and between people in bamboo forests, which were a place where lives were built. The aim was also to have traditional art inspire new creations through Beopgochangsin (“Create something new from the things of the past”) so that the past values may remain relevant today and the future.
MT. Mudeung Buncheong Wares: The First Epoch of Joseon Dynasty Ceramics
2013-07-23 ~ 2013-10-13
The special exhibition titled Mt. Mudeung Buncheong Wares: The First Epoch of Joseon Dynasty Ceramics is being held to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the excavation and investigation of the kiln sites in Chunghyo-dong and to shed light on the history and artistic value of Mt. Mudeung Buncheong wares. This exhibition is all the more meaningful in that it is being held in the first year of Mt. Mudeung's designation as a national park, and will offer an opportunity for visitors to see Mt. Mudeung Buncheong wares, which were born some 600 years ago and ultimately became a symbol of Joseon's ceramics
Cultural Heritage of Suncheon City, Korea
2013-05-07 ~ 2013-06-30
In collaboration with Suncheon-si, Jeollanam-do, Gwangju National Museum presented the special exhibition, Cultural Heritage of Suncheon City, Korea, as part of the annual special exhibition series and also to commemorate the hosting of the Suncheon Bay Garden Expo 2013. On display were the natural surroundings of Suncheon, which is referred to as Xiajiangnan(referring to the beautiful lands immediately south of the Yangtze River); prehistoric and ancient cultures revealed from more than 70 excavations; the Buddhist culture centering on Mt. Jogye in the Goryeo and Joseon periods; Confucianism and its practice in the Joseon Dynasty; and literary works on the subject of Suncheon. Modern history was also featured, including the lives of missionaries in the twentieth century and the activities of Suncheon people who protected the nation and its spirit during the Japanese colonial era.
A Time Capture Buried 2,000 Years Ago
2012-12-25 ~ 2013-03-03
Gwangju National Museum hosted this special exhibition to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the designation of Sinchangdong ruins as Historic Site No. 375. The ruins were the very first complex site that revealed the production, lives and burial customs of the Iron Age on the Korean Peninsula. The site became widely known through the excavations of the low wetlands conducted by the Museum in 1992, and an exhibition that revived the lives of the people of 2,000 years ago based on the findings from the successive excavations. As many as 806 objects were displayed, including weapons and agricultural tools.
Masterpieces of the Zhejiang Provincial Museum
2012-09-25 ~ 2012-11-25
In commemoration of the 20 years of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea and the People's Republic of China, and also the 5th anniversary of sisterhood ties with the Zhejiang Provincial Museum, Gwangju National Museum presented a special exhibition titled Masterpieces of the Zhejiang Provincial Museum. It was the first-ever such exhibition to be held on the theme of 7,000-year history of Zhejiang Province, which is selected as the most salubrious region in China. It had six themes and on display were the oldest rice farming ruins of Hemudu; cultural heritages of the Wu and Yue Dynasties during the Warring States Period; the zenith of metalware, the Buddhist metal works of the Wu period; the origin of Chinese celadon, Yue ware in Zhejiang Province; paintings from the Ming and Qing Dynasties to name a few.