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Gwangju National Museum

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Gwangju National Museum

역사와 문화가 살아숨쉬는 국립광주박물관
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Special Exhibitions

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특집전 고대의 모자-고깔
Feature Exhibition “The Ancient Hat: Gokkal”
  • Period 2016-03-22 ~ 2016-06-26
  • 내용 Gokkal (conical hat) presented at the exhibition had been excavated from the wetland in Sinchang-dong, Gwangju during the 1995 and 2000 excavation surveys. Its purpose was initially unclear when only the wooden part in the shape of handheld fan frame, but it was restored as a gokkal hat to be revealed at the special exhibition, “Sinchang-dong: Time Capsule from 2,000 Years Ago,” in 2012. The hat was restored by connecting 12~13 thin cherry wood boards in the shape of an isosceles triangle that was around 25cm long and had holes at the top and bottom. It is in a conical shape, measuring 22cm in diameter at the bottom and 23cm in height, and thus is extremely similar to galmo [immo, rain cover for a hat] of the Joseon Dynasty.
    In addition to the gokkal pieces from the Archeological Site in Sinchang-dong and the restored item, this thematic exhibition presented gokkal from the same period of time that was excavated from the Archeological Site in Sangeon-ri, Gyeongsangbuk-do and the Joseon galmo. Also, photographs were also on display for visitors to better understand the symbolic meaning of ancient hats and the shapes and functions of the hats worn by people in the Three Kingdoms Period. The Gwangju National Museum held a thematic exhibition series consisting of four parts, centering on the wooden artifacts that had been uncovered at the Archeological Site in Sinchang-dong. The series kicked off with , which was followed by , , and , and was the fifth exhibition of the series, which will continue on to present exhibits that will fascinate the visitors.
Closed
특집전 <불을 찾아서>
Feature Exhibition
  • Period 2015-09-01 ~ 2015-11-22
  • 내용 The Gwangju National Museum hosted a thematic exhibition titled with the aim of shedding light on the ignition technique developed in the Prehistoric Period and the history of fire-making through the fire-making tools excavated from Archaeological Site in Sinchang-dong in Gwangju, designated as Historic Site No. 375.
    The fire-making tools discovered in the excavation survey on the Archaeological Site in Sinchang-dong in Gwangju in 1995 were a set of fire-making stick and platform. The fire-making stick was made with the straight branches of the relatively hard oak or bower actinidia, while the fire-making platform was created using elm wood. These are the first-ever fire-making tools to be excavated from Korea, and they are the oldest and one of its kind. Also, a case for the storage and transport of a fire-making stick and a torch made from the resinous knots of a pine tree were also excavated. Torches with pine resin were easily ignited and were able to hold a flame for a long time, and thus they have been used to store and transport fire and for lamps from the old days until relatively recently.
    There exist various fire-making tools and methods worldwide. The fire-making methods are largely divided into a back-and-forth method and a rotation method, according to the method of creating friction. The fire-making tools found in Sinchang-dong employed the rotation method, which gradually progressed from rubbing one’s hands together to supplementing it with leather straps among other auxiliary tools before the ultimate emergence of rotary tools such as a bowstring drill. The fire-making tools from Sinchang-dong are very important materials that demonstrate this series of technological progress.
Closed
남도문화전Ⅵ-특별전 담양
Namdo Culture Exhibition VI Special Exhibition, “Damyang”
  • Period 2015-08-25 ~ 2015-11-01
  • 내용 In 2015, the Gwangju National Museum held “The Bamboo Forest and the Clean Damyang,” focusing on the county that is well-known for its gasa literature and bamboo products, as the sixth regional exhibition. This exhibition was jointly planned with Damyang-gun in connection with the World Bamboo Fair scheduled for September.
    Damyang has long been a prominent producer of bamboo products with a bamboo market and famous for its gasa literature. It is also known for being the stage of Jeonuchi. In addition, countless writers and artists including Myeonang Song Sun, who helped Korean literature bloom in the mid-Joseon Dynasty, as well as Songgang Jeong Cheol and Seokcheon Im Eok-ryeong cultivated gardens and arbors and left behind astonishing pieces of writing that were inspired by the striking landscape and scenery. It is also known for Miam-ilgi (Diary of Miam) by Miam Yu Hui-chun, who documented the course of Imjinwaerang (Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592), and contains the beautiful Soswaewon Garden (Scenic Site No. 40) created by Soswae Yang San-bo that has been attracting endless streams of visitors among poets, writers, calligraphers and painters.
    The exhibition consisted of exhibits providing information on the natural scenery and anthropogeography of Damyang; prehistoric and ancient cultures based on archeological materials from the Old Stone Age to the Three Kingdoms Period; Buddhist and Confucian cultures of Damyang; military and kiln historic sites; gasa literature, Middle Age and modern cultures such as arbor cultivation; and modern and contemporary cultures with exhibits focusing on Seopyeonje and Park Dong-sil, a prominent figure of Seopyeonje, patriots such as Goha Song Jin-u, crafts, art and literature.
Closed
특집전 <비단의 고장, 광주 신창동의 직물문화>
Feature Exhibition
  • Period 2015-01-27 ~ 2015-05-25
  • 내용 Food, clothing and shelter are absolute necessities of man, and of these, clothing is a characteristic unique to man. While we cannot pinpoint the exact time period when people started wearing clothes, the spindle whorl dating from the Neolithic Age is a direct piece of evidence of thread production, with a high likelihood that textiles began to be produced around this time.
    According to historical documents, it appears that textile production had occurred in full swing even before the Three Kingdoms Period. 『The Records of the Three Kingdoms』 and 『The Book of the Later Han』 show that Samhan (Three Hans) practiced sericulture and produced silk and hemp cloth, and evidence of this was discovered at the Archaeological Site in Sinchang-dong in Gwangju.
    The Archaeological Site in Sinchang-dong is a massive historical complex that demonstrate the farming culture of the early Iron Age, and a wide variety of artifacts such as earthenware, woodware, boneware and lacquerware were excavated from the site. Pieces of silk and hemp cloth that were found at the site were the oldest of their kind in Korea, and textile production and sewing tools such as a thread guide, spool and needles made out of bone were excavated.
    The Gwangju National Museum hosted an international academic conferenced titled 「East Asian Perspective on the Textile Culture of Sinchang-dong」 in 2013 and collected and built research data. This time, this special exhibition was organized to present Korea’s oldest textiles and weaving tools and examine the ancient textile culture.
    At the exhibition, the traditional processes of producing thread from natural sources such as silkworms and hemp and weaving fabric. This provided an opportunity to get a more vivid picture of the process through which the artifacts on display inside the showcases were produced and used.