Gwangju National Museum역사와 문화가 살아숨쉬는 국립광주박물관
This gun was uncovered from the bottom of the sea near Baekdo Island of Yeocheon-si, Jeollanam-do in 1992 along with a Jija Chongtong Gun and a Byeolseungja Chongtong Gun, both of which were found in a damaged state. Hyeonja Chongtong Gun is 75.8 cm in total length, while the muzzle diameter is 6.5 cm. The gun has an engraving of the maker, Yang Naeyodong, on the body. Since he was also the one who produced the Gajeongeulmyomyeong Cheonja Chongtong Gun (Treasure No. 647), it can be inferred that this gun was likely made around 1555 (the 10th year of the reign of King Myeongjong) during the Joseon Dynasty.
Among the seven Hyeonja Chongtong guns remaining today, this one is presumed to be the oldest, based on its production record, and it has been relatively well-preserved. For this reason, it is regarded as a valuable national defense heritage material and an important material in studying the development history of Korean artillery.
However, the fact that a Buddha statue fits well inside the shrine and that it is in a jeongak or palatial shape shows that it, too, was made in 1468 at the same time as the Buddha triad. It displays unique characteristics in the curves of the roof and the structure.
Through a written prayer discovered with the artifacts found in Maegok-dong, Suncheon, their exact production year was revealed. They are valuable works that well-demonstrate the characteristics of 15th century Buddha statues and shrines, and the shrine is especially valuable because of its never-been-seen-before features.
Yi Seon-je was a scholar-official who served the Joseon Dynasty at the Jiphyeonjeon (Hall of Worthies), participating in the compilation of The History of Goryeo (Goryeosa), The Annals of King Taejong (Taejong sillok), and The Divine Farmer’s Materia Medica (Sinnong boncho). He also served as governor of Gangwon-do Province and second minister at the Ministry of Taxation. When Gwangju was repromoted from Gwangsan-hyeon to Gwangju-mok, Yi named a pavilion Huigyeongnu in commemoration of the change. Yi is a major figure in the history of the Honam region (Jeolla-do Province), but even the dates of his birth and death had been unknown. In 1589 (the 22nd year of the reign of King Seonjo), Yi Seon-je’s fifth-generation descendant Yi Bal (1544–1589) and his family were purged during the Treason Case of 1589 (Gichuk oksa). At this time, Yi Seon-je was posthumously stripped of his title as a government official and his writings were lost. Though records related to Yi Seon-je were found in the annals of kings, it was only after the discovery of his epitaph tablet that the dates of his birth and death became certain.
The epitaph tablet is an important historical record that offers an accurate account of the life and descendants of Yi Seon-je.
It is of great significance since Gwangju is also home to an ancestral shrine for Yi Seonje (sobriquet: Pilmun), designated by the city as Folklore Heritage No. 7), and there is a street (Pilmun-ro) named in his honor.
This is a special royal certificate that was issued in 1604 to promote the naval officer Shin Yeoryang from Jeolchung janggun (with a rank of jeongsampum or senior third rank) to Gaseon daebu (jongipum or minor second rank) in recognition of his achievements in the Naval Battle of Dangpo (present-day Tongyeong, Gyeongsangnam-do Province) that was fought on July 17 of that year. The certificate provides a detailed record of the battle and of Shin’s achievements of in the vanguard.
This is a confidential royal order issued in 1605 to Shin Yeoryang, who had recently been appointed commander of the Right Naval Commander’s Headquarters. It was issued together with the “Seventeenth Tablet.” During the Joseon Dynasty, this type of order was issued to regional officers holding the right to exercise military commands, including governors (gwanchalsa), provincial army commanders (jeoldosa), and defense officers (bangeosa). There were forty-five tablets, each comprised of two pieces with the left half kept by the royal court and the right half by the commander. When a commander received an order together with the left half of a tablet, he would check to see if it matched his half. If they matched, he mobilized his military unit according to the orders received. This order is stamped with a seal reserved for orders issued to provincial commanders-in-chief.